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课件 时间:2018-05-15 我要投稿
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  定语从句:  (一)基础:引导词---who, which, that, whom,  练习1.I like cities___________are quiet and clean. 2.I prefer students _________are hard- working.  3.I hate TV shows _________ are noisy and boring.4.The music __________ is gentle and quiet attracts me a lot.  5.The food __________tastes delicious is not always healthy.  6.Those boys ___________ are playing basketballs over there are from Class Fifteen.  7.The books ____________ are written by Lu Xun are worth reading.  8.The town ___we visited last week is much larger than before.9.The book ___ he bought is very interesting.  (二)特例:只用that的情况  1先行词被___________或___________所修饰,或本身是______________________时,只能用 that,  2.被修饰的先行词为 ________________________________________________等不定代词时, 只能用 that.  3.先行词被 _____________________________________________等词修饰时,只能用 that,而不用 which。  4.先行词里同时含有______________________,如I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.  5. 以______________________引导的特殊疑问句,只能用that.如: Who is the girl that is crying?  练习  1. I am interested in everything___ is about the 2006 World Cup.  2. Is there anything___I can do for you? 3. This is the very bike ______I lost  4.To my surprise, he gave me nothing __ I need. 5.This is the best dictionary __ I have ever used.  6. He was the first person _______passed the exam.  7.He talked happily about the men and books________interested him greatly.  (三)whose  1. The student ______father works in the factory is sitting there.  2. I like the rooms ______windows face south.3. This is the desk ______legs were broken.  4The woman ___ umbrella you took is angry about it.5.Here comes a girl ___ handwriting is the best .  6The banana __skin is green can’t be eaten.7That tall tree _ leaves are yellow is very old.  (四)从句谓语单复数由先行词确定,时态由从句时间状语决定,不必跟主句保持一致。  1-He is one of the boys who ____ (doesn’t, don’t) finish doing homework.  2-I like films which ____(be) exciting and interesting.  3-Children who often ____(eat) junk food are easy to become fat and unhealthy.  4-That boy who _____(run) fastest is from our class.  5Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. (be)  6The trees which _____ (be) watered yesterday belong to them.  7The man who ____ over there is our teacher.(stand)  8Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. (be)  9Mr. Brown is one of the foreign experts _______ _________ (work) in China.  10I’m one of the boys ______ ________(like) English best.  (五)“介词+关系代词”注意: 介词的选用要考虑:  A.与先行词的搭配关系  1)I will never forget the day __________ I joined the army.  2) I will never forget the days ______ I worked here.  3) I will never forget the year ____________ my son went to college.  B. 与谓语动词的搭配习惯  1)Have you found the book ________I paid 29 dollars?  2)Have you found the book ________I spent 29 dollars?  3) Have you found the book _____________we learnt a lot?  4) Have you found the book _______she often talks?  关系副词的用法  练习:  1. It must be a good place ________________we can do a lot of exercise.  2.This is the village _________________we visited last week.  3.The house _______ we live in is very big./ The house _______ we live is very big  4. The woman ___________ talked to you just now is a doctor. The woman ______ you talked to is my sister.  The woman to ___________ you talked is my sister.  5. This is the hospital ____________ I was born in.  This is the hospital in _________I was born. This is the hospital____________ I was born.  综合练习一. 用适当的关系代词或关系副词填空  1. The boy ______ is wearing the black jacket is very clever.  2. This is the present ____he gave me for my birthday.3.The man _______ talked to you just now is an engineer.  4. He talked about the teachers and schools _______ he had visited.  5. There is nothing in the world ______can frighten him.  6. We visited a factory _______makes toys for children.  7. Is this the place _______ your father once lived  8. I’ll never forget the days _______ I joined the League.  9The car______my father bought last month is beautiful.  10The man______hair is white is his grandfather.  二宾语从句  1宾语从句的学习要注意三个方面  第一:语序:在宾语从句中,一律用___________。  如Where does she live? ( Do you know?) ----Do you know where she lives?  ***几个特殊的特殊疑问句  Which is the way to the nearest shop?/ What’s wrong with you?/ What’s up?/ What’s the matter?  这几个特殊疑问句本身就是陈述语序,在宾语从句中不需调整语序。  第二:时态; 1)如果主句是___________,宾语从句时态根据实际情况而定.  如:1. It’s going to rain. I think. ---I think it’s going to rain.  2. “I will go with you .” he says. ---He says he will go with me.  3. He studied English ten years ago. I know. I know he studied English ten years ago.  2)主句是___________,宾语从句要用___________。  如:It’s going to rain. I thought. ---I thought it was going to rain.  “I will go with you.” he said. ---He said he would go with me.  3). 若从句表达的是___________,规律,不管主句是什么时态,从句都用___________。  如1 The earth turns round the sun. The teacher told us---The teacher told us that the earth turns round the sun.  2 Light travels much faster than sound. She said … ---She said that light travels much faster than sound.  第三:连接词1)如果被连接的句子是___________,那么连接词用___________, (也可省)  如1. He’ll be back in a month. ( I hear…) I hear ( that ) he will be back in a month.  2. I have been to the Great Wall once. ( He tells me…) He tells me ( that ) he has been to the Great Wall once.  2.)如果被连接的句子是___________,则用连接词___________  如:*Does he live in that house? ( She asked me …) She asked me if/ whether he lived in that house.  *Have you finished your homework? ( I want to know…) I want to know if you have finished your homework.  3) ___________句,用原句中的特殊疑问词引导:what, who, where, when, which, why, how (many/ much/ often/ long/ old).如: Who are you waiting for? Can you tell me? --- Can you tell me who you are waiting for?  What did he do yesterday? I don’t know. ---I don’t know what he did yesterday.  ***其中 以wh- 疑问词或how 引导的宾语从句与动词不定式可相互转换  如I don’t know what I can do.可以说成 I don’t know what to do.  The policeman showed me where I could get books. 可以说成The policeman showed me where to get books.  Can you tell me how I can make a kite?可以说成 Can you tell me how to make a kite?  4).宾语从句___________。在_________________________________等动词所跟的宾语中,如果从句谓语是否定的,一般要将否定词not转移至主句谓语上去,而将从句谓语改为肯定形式。如:I don’t think he has time to play with the girl.
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